"I have a number of suggestions that should help us understand the anomaly" - Boso Ta
Anomalies are shimmering, semi-transparent distortions in space which can be found using the long range scanner mode (purple ping). They have a repulsive field around them meaning the ship boosters or travel mode is required to enter them. Upon a player ship touching the anomaly, it will be transported to a random anomaly in a different sector. Note that this anomaly is most likely not linked to the same anomaly where you came from so that traveling back through the anomaly is not likely (although flying through the destination anomaly multiple times will eventually return the player to the original anomaly).